Commonly today referred to as the “Oya”, the traditional “Olla” or “Aulla”, an unglazed ceramic jar with a wide body and narrow neck, dates back to ancient Rome, where it was originally used for cooking and storage, and as a funeral urn. As Roman culture spread across Europe and co-mingled with other cultures, in Celtic Gaul the “Olla” found common usage in agriculture, and became a symbol of Sucellus, the God of agriculture. In later years “Ollas” found popular use as the required vessel for the preparation of localized foods in Spain and Catalonia.
Similar vessels became popular in the American southwest, and while they could have been introduced to the region by Spanish settlers it is more likely that Native American contemporaneously developed them on their own. In the New World they were used for storing water, cooking and serving, as well as for other uses.
But the primary use of the “Olla” was is irrigation, primarily among the Spanish and then Native Americans. As water slowly seeped through the unglazed ceramic walls of the Olla”, its use in agriculture become obvious, and widely used. “Ollas” would be buried in the earth with the necks sticking out above ground. Fruits and vegetables would be planted around the “Ollas”, and the “Ollas” were then filled with water. The slow seepage of water to the roots of the plants made for effective and efficient growth, with little waste through spillage or evaporation.
With today’s climate crisis and pervasive drought conditions, the use of the “Olla” is a water-saving and cost-saving effective way to garden for virtually anyone with a little plot of land where they wish to grow vegetables, fruit or decorative, flowering plants. Continue reading
The mainstream media, not to mention right wing propaganda outlets such as fox fixed news noise, totally ignores today’s already existing reality of the effects of climate change that are being felt across the world. Three years ago I wrote an article for Nifty-Home-Bar.com about how the wine industry was already facing and combating the effects of climate change, and yesterday I wrote here about how Lloyd’s of London was warning their clients that business and industry virtually across the board had to start preparing for a future of weather-related disasters.
Another industry that is already seeing climate change and increasing temperatures cause catastrophic results worldwide, is the coffee growing industry. Higher temperatures are devastating to the majority of coffee bean plants, in particular Arabica beans that account for
|75% of the world's coffee and that can suffer catastrophic damage with merely a half-degree temperature increase. In addition to such direct effects, higher temperatures also foster increases in pests such as the berry borer that feed off coffee bean plants and plant||
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diseases that attack coffee bean plants. Continue reading
Not every giant corporation accepts the anti-science rhetoric of republican propaganda and climate change denial. Some of the world’s largest businesses have come to accept reality and are working to protect their interests and are warning their customers and clients that actions and precautions must be taken now in order to try to alleviate certain disaster in the future.
No more mainstream, right-wing, anti-consumer, profit-above-all industry in the world exists than the insurance industry, and among the world’s oldest, largest and most profitable names in the industry is the venerable Lloyd’s of London, an insurance marketplace rather than a true insurance company, where some of the world’s richest companies and individuals invest their fortunes to underwrite insurance coverage across the world. Recent year figures show that Lloyd’s receives in excess of $20 Billion in yearly premiums with a profit realization of a bit over 10%.
|But Lloyd's does not have mere stockholders to protect. Rather, it was powerful direct investors, and the people who run Lloyd's have come to realize that they cannot hide reality and deny the known effects of pending events. Rather, they now take great pains to|
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analyze real data and provide realistic reports to their investors and to the industry. Such is the case with climate change. Continue reading
The Oil and Gas Industry, electricity providers, primarily, and Koch Bros.’ and their groups as individuals and secret super PACS, as well as what they give directly from their energy businesses and others, that’s who. Anyone who believes that these positions are based on study, expertise, or consultation with actual experts, is greatly misguided. It is money and campaign contributions and power that fuels the “strongly held beliefs’ of gop elected officials and candidates, and nothing more, with the rare exception of some who also throw in religion, such as Oklahoma Senator James Inhofe, who come January, will be Chairman of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Sen. Inhofe, the most powerful and vocal climate change denier in the government, has slightly tempered his otherwise unrelenting denial of the scientific facts of climate change to say that if it were true, God would save us from the effects of extreme weather.
Let’s start with Inhofe. Continue reading
At the forefront of study and problem solving in the vast area of Climate Change is the University of Notre Dame Environmental Change Initiative (ND-ECI). The broad program investigates world wide problems faced by the earth’s species with the goal of finding solutions that “minimize the trade-offs between human welfare and environmental health”. Participating are several dozen Notre Dame faculty members in the fields of science, engineering, social sciences, and humanities, embodying the maxim of “Science Serving Society”, aiding both the natural earth and its human population.
ND-Gain is part of the ND-ECI that focuses on “building resilience to climate change as a key component to better prepare humans and their environment for the coming century”. The goal of ND-Gain is to increase understanding around the world of the vital importance of adaptation to our changing climate, and to facilitate funding, both public and private, for the most vulnerable of communities. Continue reading
First in a series
Back in 2012, I wrote an article for Nifty-Home-Bar.com entitled “The Wine Industry and Climate Change”, discussing how many in the wine industry have accepted the reality of global climate change and were adapting to increased temperatures in wine growing regions.
Today, at a time when reactionary political forces who unfortunately retain positions of power in the United States continue to deny the existence of climate change and its worsening effects on the lives of all citizens, we are fortunate that scientists and progressive politicians are working together to find solutions to some of our most pressing needs. Continue reading